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Friday, April 11, 2014

Remembering Dame Dorothy Winstone

Photograph of the 1941 Auckland University College Student Executive.
Former University Councillor and alumni Dame Dorothy Winstone passed away last week aged 95.  Her long association with the University of Auckland is well documented in her personal papers held by Special Collections. 
Dorothy Fowler, as she was then, first attended Auckland University College as an undergraduate in the late 1930s. In 1941 she was the Vice-President of the Student’s Association and can be seen third from the left in the front row of the photograph above. Other items in the collection dating from her time as a student include:  student magazines, menus, invitations and a folder of essays completed as part of her BA and Dip Ed degrees.  The 29 neatly handwritten essays reflect the dedication and attention to detail Dame Dorothy applied to all she undertook in life.  For example, for one third year history paper marked by Professor James Rutherford she received 9/10 and the commendation; “A thoroughly excellent answer, well informed, and most intelligently arranged and argued”.  
Katherine Pawley, Special Collections.
Dame Dorothy Winstone papers. MSS & Archives 2003/5, items 1/5/2 and 1/4/1. Special Collections. University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.

Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Back to the grindstone

Newspaper notice regarding start of academic year 1914
This 100 year old notice regarding the start of the academic year comes from the University’s earliest clipping book.
By 1914 Auckland University College had been open for thirty years but had yet to secure a permanent site or buildings. Instead, the College occupied a collection of rather ramshackle buildings the largest of which was fondly referred to by students as the ‘shedifice’.  The academic staff of 17 included three new professors: Frederick P. Worley (Chemistry), Gwilym Owen (Physics), John C. Johnson (Botany and Biology) and a new Geology lecturer: John A. Bartrum.
Rather than two semesters the university year was divided into three terms, with annual examinations held at the end of the third term. Many of the 283 undergraduate students listed in the Calendar also had day-time jobs so lectures were held well into the evening and on Saturday morning. An undergraduate who attended at least three quarters of the lectures for, and passed the annual examination in a subject was said to have ‘kept terms’; in order to complete each year of their degree an undergraduate was required to ‘keep terms’ in at least three subjects.
The first day of term 1914 was a cloudy day with a south easterly breeze. The New Zealand Herald reported that it had been a dry February in Auckland; that England was soundly beating South Africa at cricket and the ex-Viceroy of India, Lord Minto, had died.   While there were reports of on-going unrest in the Balkans there was little to indicate that by August, Britain and her Dominions would be at war.
Katherine Pawley, Special Collections.
References
Auckland University College. (1914). Auckland University College Calendar for the year 1914.
New Zealand Herald, 2 March 1914, p.7. Retrieved from Papers Past .
University of Auckland clipping books. MSS &Archives E-3, Volume 1: 1885-1923. Special Collections. University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.

Thursday, December 05, 2013

Bring your own socks

Cover of Country work and life in New Zealand published 1913.
As we reach the end of 2013 and with the release of the findings of this year’s census, perhaps it is time to reflect on life in New Zealand 100 years ago.
1913 was the year of the Great Strike, the Auckland Industrial, Agricultural and Mining Exhibition in the Domain, and the formation of the Social Democratic Party which would in time become the New Zealand Labour Party.   If this was not enough excitement, a Blériot monoplane was seen in the skies over Auckland. Christened Britannia, the plane was a gift to New Zealand from The Imperial Air Fleet Committee who hoped it would form the core of a fledgling air force. 
This year’s census results reveal New Zealand has a population of 4,242,048; in contrast in December 1913 there were just 1,147,104 inhabitants, 14,219 of whom had arrived from overseas during the past twelve months. Perhaps some of these ‘new chums’ consulted this useful pamphlet, Country work and life in New Zealand by Arthur Carr, published in Dunedin in 1913,  before embarking for our bush-clad shores.
In the preface Carr notes he had “devoted the past nine years to acquiring reliable information … that will be of value to anyone who contemplates emigrating to this Dominion”.   The illustrated pamphlet includes a handy map, information on how to get to New Zealand, advice on when and where to arrive and detailed descriptions of the types of rural work available in New Zealand for the “working classes of other lands”. 
With regards to what to bring, Carr advises “not to buy anything new, with the exception of socks” complaining that “Where the importing firms get all the rubbish in this line, which they pass on to the country storekeeper, I do not know”.
Katherine Pawley, Special Collections.
References
Carr, A. I. (1913). Country work and life in New Zealand. Dunedin : T.J. Orr, 1913. NZ Pamphlets: 83-160.
Statistics New ZealandThe New Zealand Official Year-Book 1914.
Statistics New Zealand. (2013). 2013 Census QuickStats about national highlights.

Monday, November 11, 2013

Just the time for a play

Musgrove's set drawings for The lady's not for burning.

Sydney Musgrove, known as 'Mus' to friends and colleagues, was professor of English at the University of Auckland from 1947-1979. During this time he directed a number of student productions and played an important part in starting the tradition of Outdoor Summer Shakespeare in 1963. This was matched by his active presence in amateur theatre outside of the University as well as his work as a literary scholar and poet.
 
Musgrove kept various ephemera from some 28 productions he was involved in which were donated to the Library in 2005 by his wife Marjorie and reveal a rich history of amateur theatre performances in Auckland.  As an intern in Special Collections I was lucky enough to undertake the task of arranging and describing this exceptional collection. This internship comprised part of my course work for Art History 734: 'Art writing and curatorial practice' taught by Ian Wedde and has culminated in the display showing in the foyer of the General Library until 5 December and an online exhibition currently in the final stages of construction.
 
These sketches by Musgrove for the set of The Combined Dramatic Societies of Auckland’s 1951 production of The lady's not for burning are a taste of what can be seen in the display.  The set for the production was designed to create a pleasant and airy room, dispelling the notion that medieval buildings were primarily dark and gloomy.  This production was an important one for Auckland's amateur societies who banded together to prove their potential for developing a professional theatre company.
 
Chelsea Renshaw
 
References:
Set drawings for The lady's not for burning, Sydney Musgrove papers on Auckland theatre activities. MSS & Archives 2013/7, item 1/7/1. Special Collections. University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.

Jackson, M. (2004). A Theatrical Scholar: Sydney Musgrove. In D. Holman and C. C. Catley (Eds.), Fairburn and Friends. (pp258-264). Devonport, N.Z.: Cape Catley.

Wednesday, November 06, 2013

Waerete Norman : faith and action

Photograph of Waerete Norman, Maori Studies Department. Photo: Digitool: Department of Anthropology, University of Auckland

Special Collections in the General Library provides a repository for the papers of past and, sometimes, present academic staff of the University. This material is valuable in that it sheds light on individuals who have been part of the University’s story and provides resources for future researchers.
One such collection is that of Waerete Norman [1942-1999], also known as Violet Beatrice Subritzky. The abundance and variety of material in her collection attests not only to her career as tutor and lecturer in Māori Studies at the University but also to activities in the wider community.  The papers document  Norman’s involvement in the Māori Women’s Welfare League, the Auckland District Māori Council, the Rātana Church, Māori incorporations of the 1980s and 1990s, Treaty of Waitangi claims, and local body and national politics, including the establishment of Mana Motuhake.  
Norman’s work and interests occasioned opportunities for gathering copious research materials over the years and this is evident in various parts of the collection as scrapbooks of newspaper clippings, photocopying receipts, index cards, maps, and folders containing a wide range of subject matter.
Sadly, Norman died in 1999 while working on her doctoral thesis about Māori women. Her papers were subsequently donated to the Library, which is pleased to house this rich resource and to make it available to researchers within the University and the wider community.
In an obituary for Norman in University of Auckland News, Nin Tomas stated, "Her ability in te reo and knowledge of tikanga were unsurpassed in Māori Studies", and further on, "She was mother, guide, teacher, helper, taniwha". 
The holding of her papers at the University of Auckland Library ensures that the things she strove for and achieved are not forgotten.   
Yvonne Sutherland, Special Collections
References
Waerete Norman papers. MSS & Archives 2012/14. Special Collections, University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.
Tomas, N. (2000). Obituary / Waerete Beatrice Norman (1942-1999). University of Auckland news, (April 2000), 18-19.

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

New online exhibition

Special Collections Bookplates banner

Special Collections has launched its first online exhibition, Special Collections Bookplates, which puts the spotlight on the provenance evidence to be found in some of its rare books. A small display of bookplates is also on in the General Library foyer until September 25.

Bookplates are designed and printed labels pasted into books by individuals and institutions as a mark of ownership. Known also as ex libris (from the books), they have been used since around the time of the first printing presses in the 15th Century.
 
The online exhibition features a small selection of the labels and stamps former owners left in the books in Special Collections, which have been donated, bequeathed or purchased over the past 130 years. From a simple label printed in letterpress that just states the owner’s name to an elaborately engraved bookplate that proudly presents their coat of arms, each one helps tell a story about a particular period in a book’s history.
 
The items span more than 350 years from the early 18th Century to the mid-20th Century and represent a fascinating crop of former book owners, including Narcissus Luttrell (1657-1732), an English diarist and Member of the House of Commons, Andre Morellet (1727-1819), a French essayist and philosopher, and the Pacific ethnologist and Polynesian Society member, James Edge Partington (1854-1930).
 
Special Collections will mount further virtual exhibitions as one way of showcasing and raising awareness of its rich printed and manuscript collections.
 
Jo Birks, Assistant Librarian, Special Collections

Friday, August 16, 2013

National Poetry Day

Draft cover for No ordinary sun from Bob Lowry papers, MSS & Archives A-194.
Special Collections holds such a treasure trove of published and unpublished material by eminent New Zealand poets it is difficult to choose what to highlight for this year’s National Poetry Day.
When I think of New Zealand poetry, however, two poems by Hone Tuwhare spring to mind, ‘No ordinary sun’ and ‘Rain’.   I learnt both off by heart at secondary school and have not forgotten either.   No ordinary sun is also the title of Hone Tuwhare’s first collection of poems, published in 1964 by Blackwood and Janet Paul and printed by Wakefield Press, Auckland.    
This draft of a possible cover for the book is from the papers of renowned New Zealand printer Bob Lowry. On accepting Blackwood and Paul’s offer to publish his poems, Tuwhare specifically requested that the book be printed by Lowry. (Hunt, 1998, p.70). Lowry eagerly took on the project; but lacked enough type for the lower case ‘e’ to set the whole book at once.  He therefore set and printed just the first half of the book, planning to reset the type and print the second half later. Unfortunately Lowry died in December 1963, leaving the publishers with 700 half copies of the book (Hunt, 1998, p.71).   After Lowry’s death the printing was completed by his apprentice Robin Lush with the assistance of Ron Holloway.
The first edition of No ordinary sun held by Special Collections includes a note acknowledging Lowry’s part in the design and composition of the book.
Katherine Pawley, Special Collections.
References
Draft cover for No ordinary sun, MSS & Archives A-194: Bob Lowry Papers, Item 202. Special Collections. University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.
Hunt, J. (1998). Hone Tuwhare: a biography. Auckland : Godwit.
Tuwhare, H. (1964). No ordinary sun. Auckland : Blackwood and Janet Paul.  NZGC 821.914 T96n

Friday, May 24, 2013

Using the Library, 1933 - style. Marking the University's 130th anniversary

Auckland University College Library, 1931. MSS & Archives E-10, item 11.2
Auckland University College Library, 1931.4

Friday morning, May 26, 1933 and there are only a few Auckland University College students in the Library. It is vacation and the College has just celebrated its 50th anniversary. Silence now prevails but at other times music from gramophones and piano-playing in the students’ block wafts through the windows. Or, less pleasantly, the Librarian sharply calls out for silence. 1

The main Library on Princes Street [in the ClockTower building] measures 5,640 sq feet and was opened six years ago. Past the Lippincott table by the main door with its Library plan and charts outlining the Dewey classification system,2 the Librarian sits at the imposing semi-circular central desk, kept warm by a radiator. 
 
Because it is a vacation week day, the Library opened at 9am and will close at 5pm, without shutting for lunch as happens during term3, to the frustration of students. No freshers or seniors search the author and subject catalogue cards in the wooden cabinets. However, a young woman gets assistance from the Librarian, as recommended by the Students’ Association Handbook, which notes, “You will find the Librarian and the Catalogues are complementary.”2
 
Borrowing a book takes a little time as the Librarian writes in a ledger the borrower’s name, the date and the volume’s  accession number or call number. Restricted to borrowing two books at a time for 14 days, it is easy to incur the one-penny-a-day overdue fine, even though the Library regulations are pasted in each book. Also, there is a notice-book, “…in which a student desirous of obtaining a book already in circulation may enter his name and the title of the book desired.” 3
 
The College’s 1307 students, 13 professors and 29 lecturers have more reading material to choose from than ever before; most of the 25,000 books and periodicals are in the main Library, the rest in departmental libraries. But on this day, these riches are being enjoyed by only a few. 
 
Jo Birks, Special Collections
 
References
1Johnson, O. (1988). The true university: a short history of the University of Auckland Library 1883-1986. Auckland : University of Auckland Library.   
2Auckland University College. Students’ Association. (1933). Auckland University College handbook for 1933.
3Auckland University College. (1933). Auckland University College Calendar for the year 1933.
4University of Auckland. Library. History series. MSS & Archives E-10, items 3.1, 2.1.3, 8.2, 11.2. Special Collections. 

Monday, May 20, 2013

130th anniversary of The University of Auckland

Invitation card to opening of Auckland University College 21 May 1883. MSS & Archives A-54, item 1.1. Special Collections, University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.

This small pink, 130-year-old card from the papers of Sir Algernon Thomas is an invitation to the opening of Auckland University College in 1883.
The College, which became The University of Auckland in 1962, was officially opened by his Excellency the Governor of New Zealand, Sir William Jervois, on 21 May 1883 at a well-attended ceremony in the Choral Hall. Sitting on the stage alongside the Governor were the three new Professors, including a 26-year-old Thomas, and members of the College Council: Sir Maurice O’Rorke, Rev. D. Bruce, Rev. T Buddle, Bishop Cowie, Mr J.M. Clark, Dr Campbell, Colonel Haultain, Mr E. Hesketh and the Registrar Rev. R. Kidd.
Despite the fanfare, the new university was, in reality, a rather humble affair. With an income of £4000, no extra money for buildings and only the former District Courthouse in Eden Ave at its disposal, it was possibly not what the new Professors, fresh from the hallowed halls of Oxford and Cambridge, had expected.  
To learn more about the University’s first 20 years, visit the Special Collections’ display, In the beginning: Auckland University College 1883-1903, in the General Library foyer before 14 June. Featuring photographs, letters and other memorabilia, the display is one of a number of events to mark the University’s 130th anniversary.
 
Katherine Pawley, Special Collections
References
‘Auckland University College, formal opening’ Auckland star, Volume XX, Issue 4001, 22 May 1883, p.2. Retrieved from Papers Past.
Invitation card to opening of Auckland University College, 21 May 1883. Sir Algernon Thomas papers. MSS & Archives A-54, item 1/1. Special Collections, University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.

Tuesday, March 26, 2013

Before Summer Shakespeare

Front of programme for 1936 Auckland University College production of Macbeth

 
As the 50th anniversary Summer Shakespeare season of King Lear draws to a close it is worth remembering that performances of Shakespeare’s works were a feature of campus life long before 1963.
This signed programme is from a 1936 performance of Macbeth presented by the English Department in conjunction with the Auckland University College Dramatic Society. Directed by William Sewell, Professor of English (1934-1946) it was hoped that the performance would be the first of a series of annual productions of Shakespeare’s plays.
If you look closely at the inside of the programme there is a signature for almost every member of the cast and crew and even for the individuals who received special thanks for their assistance with the production.   Among the latter are the signatures of a number of 1930s Auckland academics including: H. Hollinrake, Professor of Music; A.J.C. Fisher, Director of the Elam School of Fine Arts; English lecturer P. S. Ardern, and R.P Anschutz, Professor of Philosophy. 
The programme was donated to the Library in 1981 by Kenneth Horn who played Malcolm in the production. An Auckland graduate, Horn was the Chief Librarian at the State Library of Victoria, from 1967-1981.  
Katherine Pawley, Special Collections
References
MSS & Archives E-8: University of Auckland historical collection part one, Box 7. Special Collections, The University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.