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BCC Research Reports Database

Tuesday, April 14, 2015 11:03 AM,
Philson Library

BCC Research is a leading market research company covering changes driven by science and technology.  Understanding the market around a new service or product is an important part of development and can provide valuable supporting information for research grant proposals.

The BCC Research Reports database provides detailed industry analysis and market forecasts that incorporate major economic, scientific, and technological developments across a range of subject areas, including:

  • Biotechnology
  • Healthcare
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Instrumentation and Sensors
  • Nanotechnology
  • Membrane and separation technology

Find it in the Library's Databases list, or directly through: BCC Research Reports

ANZAC 100

Monday, April 13, 2015 4:34 PM,
NICAI

This month marks the centenary of the Gallipoli landings and campaign. To mark this anniversary our display this month centres on music that focuses on the ANZAC experience in World War One. All of the items displayed this month come from our Glass Case collection, in which we hold rare, delicate and precious items (such as all of these songs, which were mostly published in New Zealand). As with much New Zealand music the history and circumstances surrounding the composition are lost to time, however the purpose and messages of the songs are clear. Songs such as the Anzac Anthem, written by Maughan Barnett and John Youlin Birch in 1918 and Sons of New Zealand by Raymond Hope and Stanley East in 1916 were both serious patriotic songs. The Anzac Anthem was “Specially written and composed to be sung at Anzac Day services” and has the quality of a hymn (particularly in its lyrics), while Sons of New Zealand is a more up-beat battle march and was written to raise money for the Patriotic Fund. A-N-Z-A-C, by Tom Armstrong was written in 1916 for the J.C. Williamson pantomime The House that Jack Built (performed late 1916- 1917 in both Australia and New Zealand) as part of the Patriotic Pageant section of the pantomime. Like Sons of New Zealand it is an upbeat patriotic march, meant to inspire audiences to support the war effort in any way that they could.


The small booklet Songs, Haka and Ruri was created by Government Printing Office “for use of the Maori Contingent” in 1914. Music Librarian Phillippa McKeown-Green has written an article about this booklet for Crescendo: The Bulletin of the International Association of Music Libraries (New Zealand Branch) (Feb./Mar. 2014 No. 94 pp. 17-20), and has noted that the songs within are translated English songs (such as Old Folks at Home), most of which had been translated and published in earlier publications, such as Souvenir of the Maori Congress July 1908 by Sir Apirana Ngata and Hone Heke. The Haka/Ngere and Pao/Ruri sections contain mostly ‘traditional’ works, although some were recent composed.


Finally there are three contemporary Maori songs: Haere Tonu by R.A. Horne and Ernest Denis Hoben, E Moe te Ra (Shadows of Evening) and Haere Ra both by Erima Maewa Kaihau. Haere Tonu was written in 1916 with lyrics in Maori and English by Hoben. Like Sons of New Zealand or Anzac Anthem it was written to inspire patriotism and encourage enlistment. In contrast E Moe te Ra (Shadows of Evening) and Haere Ra both differ dramatically from the other songs here as they are both songs of farewell and lost love rather than patriotism and/or a call to arms. E Moe te Ra was written near the end of the war in 1918 and reflects the poignancy of knowing that your loved one will not return home. Haere Ra meanwhile has a long and convoluted history and Kaihau’s involvement with it came in 1920, when she wrote lyrics to the melody of Po Atarau (now more commonly known as Now is the Hour) for her daughter. This was privately published during the 1920s and then commercially by Alfred Eady and Co. in 1935. The song (as is well known) focuses on the parting of loved ones and the hope that they will return.

Aleisha Ward
Music and Dance Library

Valley Candle at the Fine Arts Library

Monday, April 13, 2015 3:31 PM,
NICAI

At the beginning of the year, staff members from all around the university were given the opportunity to choose artworks for their department from the University of Auckland Art Collection.
The Fine Arts Library was lucky enough to secure four new works, which we will elaborate on in due course...
First up:

Valley Candle (2008, Yvonne Todd). Dimensions: 1590 x 1200mm 

 From the series ‘Dawn of Gland’

Valley Candle (2008, Yvonne Todd)


The glassy gaze of the figure in Valley Candle sits within the Fine Arts Library’s ever present 1960s-70s architecture alongside recently updated furnishings. Yvonne Todd’s work is striking in its ability to be both comfortable and incongruous, and immaculate and irritating at the same time.
Todd attended Elam, graduating in 2001, after studying and working as a commercial photographer. In 2002, she was the inaugural recipient of The Walters Prize. She is extremely prolific and as well as numerous publications and interviews under her belt, a comprehensive monograph Creamy Psychology was recently published to accompany her retrospective exhibition at the City Gallery Wellington.
In an attempt to steer away from the default description of Todd’s work as ‘creepy’ or ‘weird’, Peter Ireland, in the latest issue of Art New Zealand (no. 153), cites Todd’s essay in Creamy Psychology ‘Do I even like photography?’ as indicative of the qualities and values that can emanate from her photographs – sober, matter-of-fact, deadpan yet always curious.
In this essay, Todd takes us on a journey through her life, memories of growing up on Auckland’s North Shore and encounters with photography throughout her life. 
On one of her earliest photography lessons, she recalls that:

 "Our first brief was ‘make me laugh’ and ‘make me angry’. There were no further instructions. Somehow, this summed up the limitations of photography: the superficial and literal." (Todd, Creamy Psychology, p12)


“To emphasize this photographer’s apparent weirdness is to resist her commitment to an acceptance of difference […].’ (Ireland, 66)


For more on Valley Candle, see Linda Tyler’s article written for UniNew.

Melanie Kung
Fine Arts Library

A Band of Outsiders.

Friday, April 10, 2015 1:20 PM,
Audiovisual Library

We are the best!   DVD-V LD14-0659   Director: Lukas Moodysson 

Watch trailer
film's poster image
Image: Courtesy of Magnolia Pictures

Moodysson finally returns to form with a raucous evocation of early teenage life. His warm-hearted first two films Show Me Love and Together were followed by a darker set of films that have got lukewarm responses from critics and audiences.

The unnamed punk band formed by the 13-year-old protagonists of the film is more of an idea than a band since the girls’ only qualification is an  anti-establishment attitude. Bobo and Klara don’t stand a chance of fitting into the gender hierarchies of their school with their baggy clothes and androgynous haircuts. Soon they ask Hedvig to join them, a Christian girl who knows how to play music and teaches them how to play instruments.

This adaptation of a graphic novel by his wife Coco is great return to form for Moodyson. The film is episodic and feels like a match of real-life vignettes. Casting is everything in a movie like this and the lead performers — aged between 11 to 14 — are utterly natural. The film  perfectly captures  the aimlessness and rebellious nature of adolescence in its structure, casting and songs.

“Moodysson is on livelier and more cogent form than he has been for ages, although it's hard now to imagine the excitement he once stirred when Ingmar Bergman acclaimed him as his true inheritor” (Romney, 2014).

Reference:
Romney, Jonathan. "We Are the Best! review – Lukas Moodysson rediscovers his sense of fun. guardian.com20 April. 2014.  

Vulcan Demirkan-Martin
Audiovisual Library

Jazz Tui 2015

Friday, April 10, 2015 11:30 AM,
NICAI

The Jazz Tui awards are announced each year at the National Jazz Festival held in Tauranga each Easter weekend. As I noted in my post in February the Auckland jazz super-group DOG, made up of School of Music Jazz lecturers Ron Samsom, Kevin Field, Roger Manins and Olivier Holland had been nominated for the Jazz Tui, along with Wellington band The Jac and pianist Jonathan Crayford (you can read more about each of the nominees in the next issue of NZ Musician). All three nominees recorded on Rattle Jazz- which is a big coup for the label as well. Each nominee's albums' are amazing and all were well deserving of the Tui.

The winner was announced at the Jazz Village on April 6 on the Creative Jazz Club Stage. Recorded Music New Zealand CEO Damian Vaughan presented DOG with the Tui for 2015 stating that: “A wealth of talent and experience went in to creating the album. DOG are masters of this difficult craft and I congratulate them on recording an exceptional album which is well deserving of a Tui.”

Congratulations to DOG on this wonderful achievement!

Aleisha Ward
Music and Dance Library

Emplaned at Whenuapai

Thursday, April 02, 2015 8:49 AM,
Special Collections

1953 emplaning check from Kenneth Cumberland papers.

Special Collections has recently completed processing the papers of the University of Auckland’s first Professor of Geography, Kenneth Cumberland. Born in Yorkshire in 1913, Cumberland came to New Zealand in 1938 to teach at Canterbury University and was appointed Senior Lecturer of Geography at Auckland University College in 1946.  During his first year at Auckland, Cumberland was the Geography Department’s only member of staff; however the new subject proved so popular with students that two more staff were appointed in time for the 1947 academic year.  In 1950 Cumberland was made chair of the Department and remained its professor until his retirement in 1978.

During his academic career and retirement Cumberland travelled a great deal both within New Zealand and overseas. Beginning in the 1950s he retained all his tickets, itineraries and other travel ephemera, carefully arranging the collected material chronologically by decade.  Among the material from the 1950s are a number of emplaning checks issued by the New Zealand National Airways Corporation (NAC); which was New Zealand’s main domestic carrier between 1947 and 1978.  In 1978 the airline was merged with Air New Zealand, which is celebrating its 75th anniversary this year.

Issued for a flight from Auckland to Dunedin in November 1953, the emplaning check above is part ticket, part boarding pass. Besides being entranced by the term ‘emplaning’ I was intrigued to see that rather than checking in at the airfield; passengers reported to the NAC Office in the city centre and were transported to the airport by the airline. Professor Cumberland obviously made his 8.00 pm flight as the bottom of the check has been neatly stamped ‘Emplaned at Whenuapai’.

Katherine Pawley, Special Collections.

References

Kenneth Cumberland papers. MSS & Archives 2013/4, item 10/1/2. Special Collections, University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.

A brief history of Air New Zealand, focusing on highlights and major events’. Retrieved from www.airnewzealand.co.nz/history

NZ Town Maps: Visions of New Zealand's colonial past

Tuesday, March 31, 2015 2:32 PM,
Geospatial data Bloggers

Image of the central section of Martinborough circa. 1909.

Image: Central Martinborough town plan. It was originally designed to represent the Union Jack.

The New Zealand Town Maps (from 1948 known as NZMS 16 Town Map series) provide comprehensive cadastral information for towns and urban areas at scales varying from 1:1,584 to 1:7,920. They were published between 1861 and 1975, and are arguably the earliest large-scale maps of New Zealand towns. Apart from subdivisions of land, they show valuable social and environmental information. Their content changed over the years but the series generally shows (Department of Lands & Survey, 1959, 1975):

  • Subdivisions of land
  • Section boundaries and lot numbers
  • District boundaries and names
  • Deposit Plan numbers
  • Roads, railways, and reserves
  • Shoreline and rivers
  • Important buildings
  • Trigonometrical stations and heights
  • Place names (Maori and European)
  • Names of streets, water and other features
  • Town districts, boroughs, and city boundaries

These maps further provide a snapshot of the visions early surveyors had for towns and cities in colonial New Zealand. One such vision was laying out potential towns in a geometric plan, with grid and rectilinear pattern being the most common. These urban arrangements were seen to impose an order on the landscape and aid eventual subdivision. It was also perceived to enable air to freely flow along streets, alleviating the potential threat of air borne diseases (Schrader 2012). This approach, however, did not account for the local topography, with plans overlaying swamps, bush, and hills. The grid plan in particular, created steep streets and sudden street endings and made the construction of streets an expensive proposition, especially when hills would have to be cut to keep the street in line (Schrader 2012). Variations in the geometric plan can be seen in how cities and towns were laid out. Christchurch, for example, was developed about a square, Dunedin was styled about an octagon and Auckland was planned about a central circus, although never entirely built.

The cartographic design of the town maps changed significantly over the years. The early maps were made to entice potential buyers overseas and as such showcase individual design with a unique aesthetic. North points, cartouches, relief representation, vegetation and water renderings were masterly drawn and almost personalised. These elements would largely disappear with the implementation of standardized, instruction-driven mapping after the WW2.

The NZMS 16 Town Map series was largely superseded by the NZMS 189 in the early 1960s, although map revisions continued until mid 1970s.

The above NZMS map series are available in a digital format from the GeoDataHub or by contacting Igor Drecki.

Benjamin Jones

References:


Ben Schrader. 'City planning - Early settlement planning', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 13-Jul-12, URL: http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/city-planning/page-1

Department of Lands and Survey, 1959, Catalogue of Maps, 1st Edition, Department of Lands and Survey, Wellington.

Department of Lands and Survey, 1975, Catalogue of Maps, 2nd Edition, Department of Lands and Survey, Wellington.

Learn about research design with SAGE Research Methods

Wednesday, April 01, 2015 8:50 AM,
Arts, Māori and Pacific

Embarking on a research project in the social sciences?

SAGE Research Methods logo

Try SAGE Research Methods, a tool created to assist researchers from the social and behavioural sciences to design and evaluate research projects.

As the focus is on methodology, you’ll find the journal articles, books and reference works available have cross-disciplinary relevance.

Try the Methods Map

Methods Map - Qualitative evaluation screengrab

This visualisation tool helps you to understand particular methods, discover relationships between methods, and to find related content.

You can also create Methods Lists of content you are researching, teaching or interested in. Lists can be shared and you can browse lists from other users and SAGE authors.

Supervising a research project?

SAGE Research Methods is a valuable resource for teaching research methods.

Encourage students to browse the collection of case studies of real social research to help them generate ideas about how to approach their own projects.

Keen to learn more?

 

Videos featuring academics discussing research-themed topics are also available, including Designing your research proposal and When should I choose a mixed methods approach?

Finalists - LIANZA Children's Book Awards

Wednesday, March 25, 2015 11:37 AM,
Sylvia Ashton-Warner Library

The shortlists have been announced in each of the five categories of the LIANZA Children's Book Awards 2015 - Illustration, Junior Fiction, Nonfiction, Young Adult, and Te Reo Māori. 

Many books are read by the passionate and experienced members of the judging panel in order to arrive at this carefully considered shortlist. We're proud that one of the judges this year is Education Subject Librarian Helen O'Carroll, who again braved numerous deliveries of boxes (of books, not pizza...) and late nights to help find the very best of children's books.

For full details of the shortlisted books for the 2015 awards, see the announcement on the LIANZA page.
The shortlisted books are also available in the library (see below).

Book awards

Russell Clark Illustration Finalists:
Marmaduke Duck on the Wide Blue Seas by Juliette MacIver and Sarah Davis
Jim’s Letters by Glyn Harper and Jenny Cooper
Have you seen a monster? by Raymond McGrath
So Many Wonderfuls by Tina Matthews
Mrs Mo's Monster by Paul Beavis

Esther Glen Junior Fiction Finalists:
Monkey Boy by Donovan Bixley
The Volume of Possible Endings (A Tale of Fontania) by Barbara Else
Conrad Cooper's Last Stand by Leonie Agnew
Trouble in Time by Adele Broadbent
Letterbox Cat by Paula Green

Elsie Locke Non-Fiction Finalists:
The Book of Hat by Harriet Rowland
A New Zealand Nature Journal by Sandra Morris
Maori Art for Kids by Julie Noanoa and Norm Heke
Mōtītī Blue and the Oil Spill: A Story from the Rena Disaster by Debbie McCauley
New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame: 25 Kiwi Champions by Maria Gill and Marco Ivancic

Young Adult Award Finalists:
I am Rebecca by Fleur Beale
The Red Suitcase by Jill Harris
Singing Home the Whale by Mandy Hager
Recon Team Angel: Vengeance by Brian Falkner
Night Vision by Ella West

Te Reo Māori Finalists:
Nga Kī by Sacha Cotter, Josh Morgan and Kawata Teepa
Hui E! by various authors
Tūtewehi by Fred Te Maro
Kimihia by Te Mihinga Komene and Scott Pearson
An early Te Reo Reading Book Series by Carolyn Collis


 

 

Predatory Capitalism

Tuesday, March 24, 2015 12:50 PM,
Audiovisual Library

Two Days One Night   Directors: Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne   Call Number: DVD-V LD14-0743 

Watch trailer
film's poster image
Image: Courtesy of Artificial Eye

After being treated for depression, Sandra (Marion Cotillard) is released from hospital to find out that management discovered her job could be handled by the rest of the workers. Her boss decides that the only way Sandra can regain her position is to convince her co-workers to sacrifice their yearly bonuses.  Sandra has two days and one night before the vote to convince her co-workers to cast their ballots her way.

Dardenne brothers are known for their naturalistic, unhurried slice of life dramas featuring amateur or lesser known actors. However, in Two Days One Night, the tension is as taut as a thriller and the story line brutal. The film is a parable on predatory capitalism that functions as a version the Darwinian survival of the fittest . In an Oscar nominated intimate performance, Cotillard gives life to this sometimes resigned, sometimes determined working-class hero . Perhaps unfortunately, the proposed “dilemma so simple and so timely, it barely feels like fiction” (Macdonald, 2015).

Reference:
Macdonald, Moira. ‘Two Days, One Night’: Time well spent with Marion Cotillard. www.Seattletimes.com. 29 Jan. 2015.  

Vulcan Demirkan-Martin
Audiovisual Library

New Books - Focus on Nursing Leadership

Thursday, March 19, 2015 3:52 PM,
Philson Library

Leadership and management are important roles in modern nursing, and there is no doubt that facilities with excellent leadership excel. The new books for this week at the Philson library include three that focus on different aspects of leadership in nursing.
Leading and managing in Canadian nursingis thenew Canadian edition of the popular textbook “Leading and managing in nursing” by Patricia Yoder-Wise. This is primarily aimed at nursing students, with the strong Canadian content likely to be of interest to post-graduate students.
How to be a positive leader: small actions, big impact. In this readable, practical book, leading scholars describe how positive leaders can expand people’s capability for excellence without huge expenditure or dramatic gestures.
The doctor of nursing practice and the nurse executive roleoffers current and future nursing executives the tools to positively impact nursing practice, with topics relating to leadership, personal and organisational success.

New Zealand nursing history comes to life

Thursday, March 19, 2015 11:09 AM,
Arts, Māori and Pacific

An online archive of nursing oral history in New Zealand launched this month, funded by the Nursing Education and Research Foundation.

The archive includes an oral history project undertaken by the University of Auckland in 2012 and 2013. The project team included Professor Linda Bryder from History, Associate Professor Margaret Horsburgh and Dr Kate Prebble from the School of Nursing, and independent researcher Dr Debbie Dunsford.

Two Faculty of Arts Summer Research Scholarship recipients, Emma Cotton and Kaitlin McLeod, were also involved with the project, working with Professor Bryder to select interview highlights for the archive.

Grace Annie Hight Benson, 1958. Courtesy of the Nursing Education and Research Foundation.
Grace Annie Hight Benson in Third Year Nurse training, 1958.
Image courtesy of the Nursing Education and Research Foundation.

Access the online archive to hear stories from nurses who trained during the 1950s and 1960s, like Grace Annie Hight Benson, whose childhood dreams of becoming a nurse were spurred on after after spotting a photo of nurses in uniform in the Weekly News and wanting to be just like them.

You can view photos of the nurses and their colleagues, as well as ephemera such as training reports, correspondence and diplomas, and read abstracts of the full interviews.

Browse the online archive by name, date or topic, and check back for updates as new content is being added over time.

IDC market intelligence database

Wednesday, March 18, 2015 12:48 PM,
B&E Information Services

New to the suite of IT business resources is IDC, a global provider of market intelligence and advisory services.

IDC research provides quantitative and qualitative analyses of, and insights into, technology and technology-related industries.

Areas covered include communications, hardware, peripherals, software, services, vertical markets and financial industries. IDC research provides current market trends and forecasts, competitive analysis, vendor profiles, revenue segmentation and information on customer requirements and buying patterns.

Special thanks to Revera, proudly supporting IDC's technology research and New Zealand's future ICT leaders by sponsoring access to IDC Research.

Bruce Potter Visit

Wednesday, March 18, 2015 12:30 PM,
Sylvia Ashton-Warner Library

Today the library had the privilege of hosting a visit by the hugely talented NZ author and illustrator Bruce Potter.  Those able to attend were treated to Bruce sharing with us his creative process and passion for engaging children in reading.  He also spoke about his journey to self-publishing his work and the importance he places on music and humour in encouraging reluctant readers to enjoy books.

Bruce spoke in particular about the books in which doodle bug has made appearances, beginning with Kaha the Kea, which was a successful collaboration with Craig Smith.  He then detailed the development of his book Penny the Prolific Pooing Cow, a highly entertaining story with illustrations to match.  Penny is a happy cow, but initially not everyone views her pooing as positive rather than problematic...

Bruce explained how he came to write Doodle Bug (which featured in our last Blog of 2014), and the importance he places on imagination, the development of ideas and the role doodling plays in this.  He emphasised that in doodling there are no rules, no boundaries, no pressure and this encourages the development of both ideas and drawing skills. The doodles in Doodle Bug are highly detailed, imaginative and engaging.  Characters from other titles can be found, and of course Doodle Bug himself hides on every page.

Bruce even gave us a sneak preview of a new book he has illustrated which is coming out later in the year, written by Joy Cowley, called The Remarkable Cake Shop.  And to finish off we got a quick drawing lesson, with tips on how to approach sketching with students.
 
Many thanks to Bruce for a fabulous session.  We have Bruce's books in the library - come in and take a look!
Bruce Potter sketch
Bruce Potter Doodle Bug
Bruce Potter Penny

Despotism

Monday, March 16, 2015 2:02 PM,
Audiovisual Library

A.C.A.B.  (2012)    Director: Stefano Sollima  Call Number: DVD-V LD14-0747
Diaz   (2012)  Director: Daniele Vicari  Call Number: DVD-V LD13-0776

Watch trailer
film's poster image
Image: Courtesy of Fandango

 All Cops Are Bastards (A.C.A.B) and Diaz: Don’t Clean Up This Blood offer compelling contemporary insights into the state of fascism in Italy. Both films focus on the role of the Riot Police as an aggressive counter-measure to the oppositional liberal forces. While keeping the peace might be their official capacity, it becomes clear that political, and personal, motivations influence the violent thrust of every baton.

A.C.A.B is a fictitious account of three veteran riot police and a rookie upstart. The genius of the film is the visceral appeal of the violence enacted by the riot squad. Unsettling insights into the personal lives of the riot police (domestic abuse, xenophobia, corruption and a poster of Mussolini) make it clear that these officers are physical embodiments of fascist ideologies within society. The thrilling scenes of combat that enthral the viewer elucidate the appeal of fascism, but once the true nature of these men is revealed the hideous guise of despotism is made apparent.

Diaz: Don’t Clean Up This Blood is a re-enactment of true events that occurred during the 2001 G8 summit in Genoa, Italy. If A.C.A.B offered ephemeral sympathy for the lives of the Riot Police, Diaz frames them as barbaric henchmen of a corrupt regime as it focuses instead on the victims of their violence. After peaceful protests during the day the riot police invade a school complex that was hosting journalists, protestors, and visitors to the city unable to find other accommodation. The riot police indiscriminately and brutally assault everyone in the school, and those who are arrested are tortured and humiliated in holding cells. It is an uncompromising and horrifying expose of a criminally overlooked event in Italy’s recent history.

Watched together these films demonstrate the social appeal that fascist policies of violent crime prevention can have and the horrific consequences of these policies. While focused on contemporary Italy, both films resonate with global trends towards the militarisation of the police and the ideologies of right-leaning governments.

film's poster image
Image: Courtesy of StudioCanal

Fraser McKissack
Audiovisual Library


Scavenger Hunt

Friday, March 13, 2015 2:04 PM,
Philson Library

Image of scavenger hunt resources

Come and do the short, easy scavenger hunt at the Philson library, familiarise yourself with our resources and facilities and win prizes!

Question sheets (and prizes) can be found at the Philson library lending desk.

Tamaki Library Workshops - March

Friday, March 13, 2015 12:54 PM,
Tamaki Library

If you're looking for help with finding course readings, RefWorks, or simply unsure where to begin in finding information, please come along to one of our workshops in March.

To book, go to https://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/booking/

 

RefWorks

Mon 16 Mar 10.30-12

Thur 19 Mar 10.30-12

Wed 25 Mar 2.30-4

Find course readings, articles & exams

Tue 17 Mar 10.30-11.30

Thu 19 Mar 12.30-1.30

Find Articles: Where to start

Find Articles: Using databases

Mon 23 Mar 12.30-1.30

Tue 24 Mar 10.30-11.30

2015 Pasifika and Polyfest Festivals

Friday, March 13, 2015 9:38 AM,
Arts, Māori and Pacific

Auckland hosts the annual Pasifika Festival this weekend (14-15 March) at Hayman Park, Manukau, followed by the ASB Polyfest from 18-21 March.

Both festivals celebrate the richness and diversity of Pacific Island cultures, dance, music, languages and diversity.

Pasifika Festival 2015 logo

Beginning in 1992, the Pasifika Festival is one of Auckland’s largest cultural events and every year thousands flock to enjoy the markets, arts and crafts, performances, food (including many regional specialities), and more (see the full programme).

ASB Polyfest 2015 logo

The ASB Polyfest celebrates its 40th anniversary this year and over 60 schools are competing in the cultural performances. The University of Auckland is sponsoring the Samoan Stage and staff will be judging the performances.

Be part of the extended celebrations by exploring some of the highlights of the Library’s Pacific collections:

Archive of Māori and Pacific Music

Established in 1970, the Archive includes material from most Pacific Islands areas, including commercial and field recordings of vocal and instrumental music, oral histories, stories and language resources.

Fāgogo: fables from Samoa

Fāgogo: fables from Samoa

A collection of the Archive of Māori and Pacific Music, Fāgogo presents a selection of fables in Samoan, part of a large collection recorded in Samoa in the 1960s by Professor Richard Moyle as part of a survey of traditional forms of music.

Prominent New Zealand Pacific leader and scholar Galumalemana Alfred Hunkin describes fāgogo:

Fāgogo is an oral account told at night after a day’s chores; it was something special to look forward to as a Samoan child. The fāgogo was often told in the dark while you were getting ready to sleep, so the listeners were often required to call ‘Aue’ to signal you were awake and listening. The call also voiced your appreciation for the storytelling and the narrator.

Television Vault

Search the Catalogue to view television content covering previous Pasifika or Polyfest Festivals, or programmes exploring Pacific culture and celebrations.

Explore the business databases

Wednesday, March 11, 2015 9:48 AM,
B&E Information Services

Search icon

This Business and Economics databases, Search Skills, Journal Articles workshop will introduce you to business resources and develop your research skills for individual assignments, group projects and/or dissertation/theses research.

It will cover a selection of key databases, how to apply search techniques to these databases, and briefly explore referencing.

Tuesday 17th March, 2015, 11:00am - 12:00pm
IC 431, Level 4, Kate Edger Information Commons, City

Tuesday 17th March, 2015, 2:00pm - 3:00pm
IC 431, Level 4, Kate Edger Information Commons, City

Thursday 19th March, 2015, 9:00am - 10:00am
IC 433, Level 4, Kate Edger Information Commons, City

Thursday 19th March, 2015, 2:00pm - 3:00pm
IC 431, Level 4, Kate Edger Information Commons, City

Auckland Arts Festival

Friday, March 06, 2015 1:57 PM,
NICAI

Since 2001 the Auckland Arts Festival has been presented every other year featuring a mix of local and international performances and exhibitions. Spanning a variety of cultures, traditions and art forms (both visual and performance) the festival aims to present an enthralling range of material to appeal to all demographics from children to adult. This year’s festival includes a number of world premieres, including pyrotechnics company Groupe F with Skin of Fire (this will be their third visit to the festival), which like their 2013 production Breath of the Volcano is based on the New Zealand environment, and the play Hīkoi written and directed byNancy Brunning which parallels a Maori family’s emotional journey with the cultural journey of Maori in New Zealand in the late 1970s and early 1980s.


Although there are no musical premieres at this year’s festival there are a number of musical productions, groups, and performers who have not been seen before in New Zealand. Of particular interest is the musical Fela! based on the life of Nigerian singer, founder of the Afrobeat style and political activist Fela Kuti. In Auckland the musical is presented in concert rather than staged and features the Tony award-winning Broadway cast. Other interesting acts include the Irish (and American) band The Gloaming, who fuse traditional Irish music with contemporary jazz; the baroque orchestra Tafelmusik whose new production aims to recreate the atmosphere of an 18th century salon with a visual feast of baroque art and architecture projected onto a screen above them; and finally a tribute to iconic jazz singer Billie Holiday by some of our best known jazz and pop singers.


Dance is not neglected either with the Cedar Lake Contemporary Ballet Company (from New York) performing for the first time in New Zealand; their triple bill of short ballet’s looks to be an exciting and diverse programme, which is billed to leave audiences ‘all shook up’. From the other side of the Atlantic, the Akram Khan Company (chorographer of the 2012 London Olympics) from the UK brings us iTMOi (in the mind of igor) a work based on Igor Stravinsky and his controversial composition The Rite of Spring.


These are but a few of the exciting music and dance events on show at the Auckland Arts Festival. In our library display this month we have chosen material related to some of the events featured in the festival- some of which I have written about here, some I have not. This includes recordings and scores of some of the works to be performed and other recordings by some of the performers. Additionally we have displayed some relevant books (in particular on Fela Kuti and Billie Holiday) and DVDs of performances: Fela Kuti at Glastonbury and Tafelmusik accompanying a performance of the opera Persée. Even if you can’t get to a performance at the Auckland Arts Festival our material can (at the least) give you a taste of some of the performances that will be taking place over the next 19 days.

Aleisha Ward
Music and Dance Library

Orientation at the University of Auckland

Thursday, March 05, 2015 5:16 PM,
Special Collections

During the early days of Auckland University College first year students were referred to as “Freshers” and their orientation experience would have been quite different from that of first year students today. In our Fun for Freshers! display we take a look back at past orientation activities through a selection of printed material and archives held here in Special Collections. Included are orientation programmes, early student handbooks, student magazines and photographs providing snapshots of Auckland University orientation from the early 1900s to the late 1990s.

As a relatively small college, with only 156 students in 1901, the social life at Auckland University College was not well established early on. 1 It wasn’t until the 1930s that clubs, associations and societies were formed and began to host events such as the Freshers’ Debate and Freshers’ Welcome.

From the 1960s onwards the term “Freshers” was used less and was instead replaced with the more familiar “Orientation”. Activities available to students were similar to those offered today. They included an Orientation dance or prom, clubs and society welcome events and film screenings. The 1968 Orientation Programme shows that the movie The Scream of Fear was being shown, but was “not recommended for nervous persons” and the German Students Society held a Frankfurter Evening to welcome new students. 2

The picture shown above is taken from a collection of Public Relations Division photographs and shows a typical scene of Orientation activities being held in the Quad during the 1990s. 3 If you look closely you can see that Mad Max was the lunchtime movie showing at the Maidment for which tickets were $1.00. By the 1980s and 1990s Orientation had become a well-established event on the University calendar and one that has continued to grow and evolve to the present day.
 

Leah Johnston, Special Collections

References
1. Sinclair, K. (1983). A history of the University of Auckland, 1883-1983. Auckland, N.Z. : Auckland University Press: Oxford University Press (p.33).
2. Auckland University Students' Association Orientation Programme, 1968. University of Auckland historical collection. Part 1. MSS & Archives E-8, box 7. Special Collections, University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.
3. Orientation activities held in the Quad (ca 1990). University of Auckland Department of External Relations, Public Relations Division photographic collection. MSS & Archives. 2007/10, item 9/1/3/1. Special Collections, University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services.

Auckland University Law Review (Vol. 20, 2014) out now

Thursday, March 05, 2015 9:29 AM,
Davis Law

The latest volume of the Auckland University Law Review (AULR) is out now.

Auckland University Law Review

Contents include:

Alumni Symposium 2014: "Financial Market Conducts Act 2013"
  • Curbing "Irrational Exuberance": Conduct and Governance in theFinancial Markets Conduct Act 2013
    - Rachel Paris
Articles
  • Principles without Principals? Reconsidering Unauthorised Agency on the Boundary of Contract:  Implied Warranty of Authority and Ratification
    - Robert Schultz
  • A Square Peg in a Round Hole: Reshaping the Approach to Systemic Negligence in the Modem Public Service
    - Rachael Baillie
  • "If They Wanted to Know, Why Didn't They Ask?" A Review of the Insured's Duty of Disclosure
    - Hilary K Wham
  • A Fiduciary Perspective on the State's Duty to Protect the Environment
    - Himmy Lui
  • A History of Taxing Capital Gains in New Zealand: Why Don't We?
    - Melinda Jacomb
  • Privative Clauses: Parliamentary Intent, Legislative Limits and Other Works of Fiction
    - Luke Sizer
  • Turning That Game Back On: Video Games, Violence and
    the Myth of Injury to the Public Good
    - Elle Crump
  • Succeeding at Succeeding: Revolutions, Courts and the Limits of Legality
    - Adam Holden
  • Abuse of Process: The Need for Structure
    - Finn Lowery
Ko Nga Take Ture Maori
  • Sentencing Indigenous Offenders
    - Thom Clark
Case Notes
  • Tasman Insulation New Zealand Ltd v Knauf Insulation Ltd
    - Anna Chalton
  • Vinelight Nominees Ltd v Commis.sioner of Inland Revenue
    - Shiv Narayan
  • Carr v Gallaway Cook Allan
    - Nupur Upadhyay
Legislation Note
  • Financial Markets Conduct Act 2013
    - Taylor Burgess and Caitlin Hollings
Book Review
  • Youth Justice in Aotearoa New Zealand: Law, Policy and Critique - Alison Cleland and Khylee Quince
    - Rosa Polaschek

General Library tours

Monday, March 02, 2015 1:41 PM,
Arts, Māori and Pacific

General Library, University of Auckland

Want to find out more about the General Library and how it can support your study?

Come along to a General Library tour during week 1.

Each tour takes around 20 minutes and a librarian will introduce you to the Library, key services, and some IT essentials like printing, photocopying and scanning.

Where? Tours start on Level G in the entrance hall by the bottom of the staircase.

When? Monday 2 March – Friday 6 March at 10am, 12pm and 2pm.

Who? Everyone is welcome! No bookings are required.

The case of the 'missing' island

Thursday, February 26, 2015 1:17 PM,
Geospatial data Bloggers

Composite of four maps

Modern maps purport to give users a comprehensive view of the world, a view free of empty spaces, bereft of ‘here be dragons’. While true, this may not be the whole story, where in a world fully explored lost locations may still exist. Sandy Island, for example, was a substantial landmass 24 kilometres long and 5 kilometres wide, situated 700 hundred miles off Queensland coast, Australia. However, the island was confirmed to be non-existent by the Australian Navy ship, and may have never existed, even though it was first sighted by a whaling ship in 1876 (Bonnett 2014:12). In response, Google Earth in 2012 had to correct their map and stitch over this pseudo landmass with a generic sea water image because they not only use satellite data, but also a composite of other resources, including ‘out-of-date’ maps, to produce their on-line maps.

It seems to be the other way around with a New Zealand example, where an island missing from modern maps of New Zealand is visible on ‘out of date’ maps. If you inspect Google maps or NZ Topo sheets (coordinates Lat -34.750588, Long 173.156842) you will see an empty space north of the Simmonds Islands. If you inspect Google Earth’s satellite imagery instead you will see a tiny island, 50 meters long by 40 meters wide in the same spot, a kilometre or so out from Henderson Bay in the Northland area of the North Island.

This rocky outcrop of an island with no name, has a hidden history. It appears on New Zealand Mapping Service (NZMS) series 1 topographical map at 1 inch to 1 mile (1:63,360) scale, sheet N3-4 published between 1954 and 1977. Later on, the island ‘disappears’ from NZMS 260 series at 1:50,000 scale, sheet N03 published between 1984 and 1999. And it is still missing from the current topographic series NZTopo50 (sheet AU26) maintained by Land Information New Zealand and used by emergency services and hikers alike. Production of NZMS 260 involved greater utilization of aerial photography and photogrammetric surveys, which improved spatial quality, completeness and appearance of this metric map series. It is possibly due to the use of this type of source material that cloud cover, not unusual for the Northland area, obscured the island from view, hence it wasn’t drawn on the new series. The good news is it was a simple omission, and the island will soon be back on the map.

The island then has quite a colourful history, being on and then off the map, which leaves open the fascinating question of what else has been left out? An exciting prospect for a map enthusiast like myself.

The above map series are housed in the Map Room, Level M, General Library building, City Campus. They are also available in a digital format from the GeoDataHub.

Benjamin Jones

References.
Bonnett, A., 2014. Off the Map: Lost Spaces, Invisible Cities, Forgotten Islands, Feral Places, and What They Tell Us About the World. Aurum Press, London.

Julius Rudel

Monday, February 23, 2015 9:55 AM,
NICAI

In June 2014 the conductor Julius Rudel passed away. Although not as familiar a name as people such as Simon Rattle, Arturo Toscanini or Georg Solti- in fact the Music Library only has one recording with Rudel conducting, and when I mentioned him to my colleagues the response was: who?- Rudel was a fascinating person and a mainstay of the New York music scene. Born in Austria in 1921 Rudel and his family fled Austria for the United States in 1938 during the Austrian Anschluss by Hitler. On arrival to New York Rudel enrolled at Mannes College of Music with the plan to become a composer, however, after a couple of years he decided the world had enough composers and decided to switch to conducting.


In 1944 Rudel began working as a rehearsal pianist at the newly formed (est. 1943- with its first season in February 1944) New York City Opera. He worked his way through all the off stage jobs: organising props, auditions, working in stage management, conducting and casting assignments. His first conducting assignment came in 1944 conducting Johann Strass II’s The Gypsy Baron. Rudel eventually became a full time conductor and then in 1957 became the general director and chief conductor of the company. During his tenure as director of the company he was committed to premiering new works (especially American works) and new singers, as is evidenced by his casting of a relatively unknown 25 year-old Plácido Domingo in the lead role for the production of Ginestera’s Don Rodrigo, the inaugural production at the NYCO’s new home in Lincoln Center on February 22 1966 (an excerpt of which may be heard here). Rudel was also instrumental in giving Domingo his first opportunities to conduct opera in the 1970s. For Domingo these two events were extremely important to the course of his career. In the first instance the roles that he had with NYCO gave him exposure in New York, and importantly allowing him to gain contact with the American music scene. His performances with the NYCO led to roles in New York Metropolitan Opera productions, and in 1968 an official debut with the company. It should also be mentioned that our lone holding of Rudel conducting also features Domingo performing excerpts of Austrian/Germanic opera (Vienna, City of my Dreams).


Returning to Rudel, under his tenure the NYCO became known for its cutting edge productions and by the mid-1960s was regarded as one of the leading opera companies in the United States despite being one of the smallest with only two short seasons per year. Rudel’s tenure as director ended in 1979, the longest directorial tenure in the life of the company, which collapsed in 2013- Rudel is reported to have been shocked that he actually outlived the company.


In addition to his tenure at NYCO Rudel conducted with a number of other opera companies (including the New York Metropolitan Opera) and orchestras. He was the inaugural artistic director of the Kennedy Center in Washington DC, and also organised a number of music festivals across the United States. Although the Music and Dance Library has very little of his work, there are a number of recordings available on Youtube- both audio and video where you can listen to and watch his work such as this excerpt of the San Francisco Opera Company performing Saint-Saëns Samson et Delila, or Rudel conducting his protégé (who later became director of the NYCO) Beverly Sills in Bellini’s aria A te o cara, and finally conducting a concert performance of Verdi’s Otello.

Aleisha Ward
Music and Dance Library

Updates to Papers Past

Wednesday, February 18, 2015 10:08 AM,
Arts, Māori and Pacific

The latest update to Papers Past includes content from three South Island newspapers made available online through the National Library’s collaborative digitisation programme.

The programme involves local libraries and historical societies working in partnership with the National Library to add newspapers to the database.

Christchurch City Libraries assisted with digitising editions of the Press (1929-1935) and the Star (1915-1917), and the Westport Genealogy and History Group and Lyall Adamson helped with the Westport Times (1868-1874, 1879-1884, 1886).

This new content offers rich opportunities for research, and there’s a bit of fun to be had in delving through the pages.

Browsing an edition of the Press from 80 years ago today, you’ll learn all about the hen’s party organised for bride-to-be Miss Elisabeth Morris by her bridesmaid Miss Helen Thomson, including a full list of those who attended, and an in-depth description of the “frocks” worn by Miss Morris, her mother, and Miss Thomson!

Wedding Dress, 1930s, maker unknown. Gift of Particles of Time Ltd, 1984. CC BY-NC-ND licence. Te Papa (PC003241)
Perhaps Miss Morris' wedding dress looked like this one?
Wedding Dress, 1930s, maker unknown. Gift of Particles of Time Ltd, 1984. CC BY-NC-ND licence. Te Papa (PC003241).

Don’t worry if you’re not looking to discover the most fashionable fabric of 1935 (crepe, by the way), there’s a wealth of content to explore for those interested in New Zealand’s social, political, economic and cultural history.

About Papers Past

Papers Past is the National Library’s digitised collection of early New Zealand newspapers and periodicals, covering the years 1839 to 1945 and includes publications from all regions of New Zealand, totalling 93 in all.

All publications are fully searchable and can also be browsed according to date, region and title.

Congratulations to DOG

Friday, February 13, 2015 4:39 PM,
NICAI

 

In the last Music Library display blog I mentioned DOG, the quartet made up of staff from the jazz course in the School of Music and that their debut self titled album was garnering a lot of positive critical attention. That attention has definitely paid off as they have been nominated for the 2015 Jazz Tui (Best Jazz Album). Congratulations to Ron, Kevin, Roger, and Olivier on this achievement!

Aleisha Ward
Music and Dance Library

Focus on Cardiac Intervention Therapies

Thursday, February 12, 2015 3:52 PM,
Philson Library

Cardiovascular interventional medicine is an area that has rapidly expanded in recent years from relatively straightforward balloon angioplasty to complex multiple procedures, often carried out in urgent situations. The new books at the Philson library this week include three resources that focus on cardiac diagnostic and interventional techniques.

Book cover image

 

The cardiac catheter book : diagnostic and interventional techniques is divided into general diagnostics, diagnostics for specific diseases and interventional techniques, giving tips and expert solutions to everyday clinical problems.
Urgent interventional therapies focuses on the urgent interventional procedures performed in the most serious and critical cases of cardiovascular and peripheral artery diseases, where immediate specialist care is required.
The third edition of Catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias has also arrived.  This text is organised by type of arrhythmia and provides information on anatomy, diagnoses, mapping/ablation and troubleshooting.
If you would like to know more about the resources available at the Philson library, or to suggest areas of study you would like us to focus on here, please get in touch: http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/contacts/?deptid=30

Summer Shakespeare 2015

Thursday, February 12, 2015 2:20 PM,
Arts, Māori and Pacific

A Midsummer Night's Dream Summer Shakespeare 2015 poster

The annual Summer Shakespeare production begins on Friday 13 February at the University of Auckland’s City Campus.

This year Michael Hurst directs A Midsummer Night’s Dream, one of William Shakespeare’s comedies which tells a “strange, transporting legend of an ancient Athens populated with desperate lovers, warring fairies and hapless actors” (to quote the event page).

To learn more about the production, its cast (which includes actors from Marvellous, a group of motivated senior citizens aged 65+, all with varying acting experience), and how to purchase tickets, visit Summer Shakespeare.

Take a look at the Summer Shakespeare Facebook page for behind the scenes photos and to learn more about the actors and crew involved.

Shakespeare library resources

The General Library’s Special Collections holds a number of Shakespeare’s publications, including a ten volume set of plays (including A Midsummer Night’s Dream) published in 1768.

To view digitised historic editions of Shakespeare’s work, visit Early English Books Online.

Early English Books Online screengrab

You can scroll through the pages of A Midsummer Night’s Dream published in a collection of Shakespeare’s plays from 1623.

Other databases to explore include: 

The Audiovisual Library holds film versions of A Midsummer Night’s Dream, and Theatre in Video contains a 1981 BBC production of the play with a scrolling transcript to keep up with the Shakespearean dialogue!

The DynaMed Mobile App - Updated!

Tuesday, February 10, 2015 1:30 PM,
Tamaki Library

The DynaMed Mobile app has been updated, and the main features include:
  • Access to content offline
  • Bookmark Favourites
  • Email topics
  • Write and save notes about particular topics
How to download and authenticate the app:
  1. From Google Play or the iTunes Store, download the DynaMed Mobile app to your devic
  2. From a web browser connect to the DynaMed database
    1. Click the ‘Mobile’ link (top of page) and enter your email address
    2. An authentication message will be emailed to you
  3. From your device, open the DynaMed Mobile authentication email
    1. Tap the link in the email to authenticate the app

Give it a try and let us know what you think!

Library Laptops

Tuesday, February 10, 2015 8:59 AM,
Tamaki Library

If you would like to choose your own study space, there are 20 laptops available for loan at the Tāmaki Campus Library. You can borrow a laptop for 2 hours – simply bring your Student ID card to the Information Desk and we’ll take care of the rest.
Check here to see the library opening hours: http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/contacts/hours/?deptid=38

Remembering Aldus Manutius

Thursday, February 05, 2015 2:24 PM,
Special Collections

 

Detail from 1554 Aldine edition of Demosthenes
The Aldine press device and a wood-cut from Demosthenes, (1554), Orationum, Venetiis : Paulo Manutio.

Pocket-sized books and the italic typeface are two enduring printing innovations introduced by the Italian Renaissance printer-publisher Aldus Manutius, who died 500 years ago. 
Born ca. 1450 near Rome, Aldus Manutius or Aldo Manuzio was a humanist scholar. He worked as a tutor before moving in about 1489 to Venice where he set up the Aldine press with backing from established printer Andrea Torresani (1451-1529) among others.  Aldus, who produced his first book in 1495, is perhaps most widely renowned for publishing the first printed editions in Greek of the works of many classical Greek writers, such as Thucydides and Herodotus.1
For his books in Greek, Latin, Hebrew and the vernacular Italian, Aldus commissioned several typefaces, including Bembo and the first italic typeface from the type designer Francesco Griffo.  The italic type was used in the small-format `octavo’ books Aldus introduced in 1501, which he called `libri portatiles’ or portable books. He also collaborated with leading scholars of the day, including Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas Linacre.  Following Aldus’ death on 6 February 1515, the Aldine press was carried on by Torresani (by then his father-in-law) and later his son Paulo Manutius (1512-1574) and grandson Aldus Manutius (1547-1597).1
The above images are from the 1554 Aldine edition of Demosthenes' Orationum, which was printed by Aldus’ son Paulo.2 This three-volume work in Special Collections is bound in ca. 19th century half-vellum. Each volume carries the armorial bookplate for William Henry Dutton (1827-1896), a lawyer and book collector of Hewcroft, Newcastle, England, whose library was sold in London by Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge in 1903.3 One volume has the signature of an earlier Greek owner.  
Special Collections also holds a fine facsimile edition of Aldus’ most famous work, the 1499 Hypnerotomachia poliphili,4 which is hailed for its typographical design and its many exquisite woodcut illustrations.  
This year, numerous exhibitions and symposia will explore the legacy of Aldus Manutius 500 years after his death, including the 2015 conference of the Bibliographical Society of Australia and New Zealand.
Jo Birks, Special Collections
References
1 M. Davies, (1995), Aldus Manutius : printer and publisher of Renaissance Venice, Malibu, Calif.: J. Paul Getty Museum; M. Lowry, (1979), The world of Aldus Manutius : business and scholarship in Renaissance Venice, Oxford : Blackwell.
2 Demosthenes, (1554), Orationum, Venetiis : Paulo Manutio. Glass Case 885.6 A
3 (1903), Catalogue of the interesting library of books and manuscripts of the late William Henry Dutton, Esq. (of Hewcroft, Newcastle, Staffordshire) : comprising incunabula and other early printed and modern books illustrating the history of printing ... , London : Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge.
4 F. Collona, (1963), Hypnerotomachia Poliphili [facsimile], London : Eugrammia Press. Glass Case 093 C71

BIOSIS Database

Wednesday, February 04, 2015 10:35 AM,
Philson Library

BIOSIS contains unique life science data not indexed by Scopus or MEDLINE, and has in-depth coverage of many areas relevant to Medical and Health Research, eg:
-              pre-clinical and experimental medicine
-              pharmaceutical botany/pharmacognosy
-              proteomics
-              nanotechnology
-              gene therapy
-              psychiatry
-              biotechnology, biochemistry + lots more
 
It combines the old Biological Abstracts and BIOSIS Previews databases; in addition to journal articles, it also covers proceedings, books/book chapters, meeting abstracts, technical letters, notes, and life science patents.
BIOSIS may be worth a look in addition to your usual sources.

Maps: The good, the bad and the ugly

Sunday, February 01, 2015 1:28 PM,
Geospatial data Bloggers

The 2015 academic year has officially started at the University, with Summer school in full swing. Another exciting note - 2015 is also officially the International Map Year, so it is only fitting then to start the first blog of the year on Map design, namely ‘good’ map design. Quite often, defining a good map is elusive, a topic few can pin down. Conversely and frustratingly, bad maps are easily spotted and identified, often apparent by erroneous and numerous labels, confusing contents, and shocking colours. It is the frequency of bad maps that generates the discussion of good map design as a needed service. In this regard, there are few better than Kenneth Field and colleagues who contribute and maintain a blog on good map design. The prolific blog updates are framed by a very approachable narrative, summarising and outlying why and how a map gains the cartographic tick of approval. Cartographic guidelines to map design are commonly overlooked when presenting geospatial material, those design elements which could easily clarify and add weight to technical, academic, or professional undertakings.
 
But don’t just take my word for it, by following this link you will see an insightful discussion around 365 maps that exemplify the design, science and art behind the map making process. Examples range from historic to modern, thematic to topographic, paper to digital, monochrome to colour, geo-graphics to geo-visualisation, and of course the list goes on. Overall, it cannot be overstated all the examples in some way makes the ‘user’, novice beginner or savvy map maker, rethink of what represents a good map. At the very least these examples will provide inspiration for your own map making endeavours in 2015.
 
For further details on and the link to the website please click here.
 
Otherwise, a quick way to get an overview is to visit the accompanying MapCarte Pinterest Board at www.pinterest.com/icamapdesign/mapcarte/
 
Benjamin Jones

Music at Auschwitz

Tuesday, January 27, 2015 2:50 PM,
NICAI

On January 27 1945 Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland was liberated by Allied forces.  This day is now commemorated around the world as International Holocaust Remembrance Day. Music has played a large role in the remembrance of the Holocaust with notable compositions including Steve Reich’s Different Trains, and Henryk Gorecki’s Symphony no. 3: Symphony of Sorrowful Songs. However, music also played a significant role on both sides of the conflict. Most people know of the Nazi’s use of music in their propaganda, but they also used music as a way of promoting their political/cultural/racial agenda. The broadest application was the ban on music written by Jewish composers, or any music performed by Jewish performers, but music was also banned because it was written, performed, or influenced by so called ‘degenerate’ cultures: African/African-American, and Roma Gypsy cultures in particular. For example, jazz was considered especially degenerate because of its ties to African-American, Jewish and Gypsy cultures both composers and performers.

For the Jewish, Gypsy and homosexual musicians who were interred in Auschwitz and the other concentration camps music could be both a personal salvation and a death sentence, depending on the whims of the camp commanders and guards. There are tales of prisoners who were allowed, even encouraged to play music for the entertainment of the camp commanders, but equally there are tales of music leading to their deaths.

At Auschwitz there were a men’s orchestra and a women’s orchestra. These orchestras were considered to confer prestige on their SS sponsors and were considered a way of furthering their own careers. For the people incarcerated in the concentration camps being invited to join the orchestra as a reprieve from the absolute horror: members of the orchestras received more food, better clothing, warmer accommodation because they had to look healthy for their performances, which included performing at the camp gates for the prisoners arriving and leaving the camp on work details, for camp executions, as well as the (slightly) more normal activities of performing in concert for the inmates, the officers and their families. These duties and the privilege of being in these orchestras made the musicians both tool and target. Musicians were a tool of torture for the Nazis to impose on the other prisoners, and a target for those who were enduring intolerable conditions and forced labour. This was one of the many ways the camp commanders and the SS encouraged hostility and antagonism between prisoner groups.

 

Informal music making by prisoners who were not part of this orchestra system were neither tolerated nor discriminated against by the camp commanders. However, as noted above it was very much down to the whim of the guards and the commanders what was tolerated and what was not. Informal music making among the ‘ordinary’ prisoners usually consisted of singing, since they very rarely were allowed any instruments of their own. Prisoners frequently sang on their way to and from their work details and while they worked, trying to reconnect with their identities, or creating songs (usually new lyrics to existing songs) to record experiences, events, and camp life and even their own deaths. However, even this music making could be turned against them with forced mass singing sessions as a torture device.
Music in Auschwitz and the other concentrations camps was a complicated activity inured in politics and whim, and the vast range of human emotions. It was not an activity that would be done lightly as we might sing along to a song on the radio or our digital music player; it was an activity that had potentially lethal ramifications. At the same time however, it was an activity that allowed prisoners to retain at least a scrap of their humanity in an inhumane situation.

 


References:
Currid, Brian. A National Acoustics: Music and Mass Publicity in Weimar and Nazi Germany. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 2006. (Music Library 780.943 C97)
Gilbert, Shirli. Music in the Holocaust: Confronting Life in the Nazi Ghettos and Camps. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 2005. (Music Library780.943 G46)
Kater, Michael H. Composers of the Nazi Era: Eight Portraits. New York: Oxford University Press. 2000. (Music Library 780.943 K19)
Newman, Richard and Kitty Kirtley. Alma Rose: Vienna to Auschwitz. Portland OR: Amadeus Press. 2000. (Music Library 780.9436 R79)

Aleisha Ward
Music and Dance Library